Máp tphcm

Out of all the megacities of Southeast Asia, Saigon is the only city without any size of metro transport. Even the traffic-dystopias of Jakarta và Manila have sầu a few rail lines between them.

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This will change when the first metro line in Saigon opens sometime after 2020 (sometime being the operative sầu word). In total there are 6 metro lines, 1 light rail, và 2 monorails planned.

When I was compiling information about proposed Southeast Asia railways I kept a separate file of Saigon metro news. It was interesting khổng lồ see how far baông xã the metro planning goes, and what is planned in the future. I found records dated from 2004, and another feasibility study that had a 2-line metro being completed in 2008 .

There are some maps of the future metro which have sầu since become outdated as the plans have changed. These maps also left out the tram & monorail lines.

I have created the new map of the proposed Ho Chi Minch City Metro which includes the light rail & monorail lines. Note that this maps will no doubt go out of date as well once alignments & stations are adjusted, or new lines planned. I’ve sầu dated the bản đồ at the bottom và will update the maps as needed.

Official map

There is one official map which is at the People’s Committee of Hochiminh City Management Authority For Urban Railways (MAUR), under “Master plan of urban railways system”.

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This is the construction và investment news site, so this is not a maps for future transit users.

Below I have outlined the details of each line.

Line 1

As of 2017, Line 1 is the only line under construction. There was a ground-breaking ceremony in 2008, but construction didn’t get underway until 2012. At that point, it was estimated that the line would be finished by 2017. Like most new metro systems, the first line is always delayed and over budget, so this was probably to be expected.


Line 1 is now scheduled khổng lồ be completed in 2020, and it will be extended by one stop khổng lồ the new Mien Dong (Eastern) bus terminal.

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On the map I have sầu included two proposed extensions that have been submitted by neighbouring provinces of Binh Duong và Dong Nai. Alignment và station details are lacking for those extensions so the lines on the maps are for general illustration.

Here is a summary of construction projects near Line 1 Ho Chi Minc City Metro.

Line 2

Line 2 is the second line (logically enough) to lớn have sầu begun construction. Begun in this instance was a ceremonial shovel sự kiện in 2012 lớn build an administration office. No progress has been made on the railway, & it was announced that work may not resume until 20đôi mươi.

This line will go from Ben Tkhô hanh lớn the An Suong bus terminal. This is also known as the Tay Ninch bus terminal, which has lead some news reports khổng lồ say that the metro is going all the way khổng lồ Tay Ninh (100 km from Saigon). Line 2 is planned to be extended khổng lồ Cu Chi.

Line 2 will travel underneath CMT8 road, which is one of the worst traffic sewers in the city. Commuters will rejoice at going underground và never having khổng lồ see that road again. Some of the old maps show the line deviating from the path to lớn make a junction with Ga Sai Gon (the main station for trains to Hanoi). The line is not deviating, so Hoa Hung metro station will be about 400 metres away from Ga Sai Gon.

One solution lớn this would be lớn clear the area between the two stations & build an underground mall and shopping complex khổng lồ connect the stations. Something in comparison lớn the maze of underground shops at Shinjuku station in Tokyo, or Gangnam giới station in Seoul.

That’s a lot of l& clearing, though it’s not beyond the capabilities of the thành phố. Indeed, just before Hoa Hung is the Dan Chu traffic circle, which is one of craziest roundabouts in Saigon. Next to the roundabout whole đô thị blocks have sầu been cleared to lớn make way for mega developments. The Viettel Tower is half finished, và behind that is the Habởi vì Centrosa Garden, & near that is the planned Berjaya Vietphái nam Financial Centre.

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The Havị Centrosa Garden construction is proceeding well, và the project is advertising itself as being near the metro station. Line 2 was meant khổng lồ be finished by 2018, so you can’t blame them for using that as a selling point. Unfortunately these big projects are racing ahead & transport infrastructure is not keeping up. Line 2 can’t begin soon enough.

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From Ben Tkhô nóng, Line 2 will be extended under the Saigon River and terminate at Ga Thu Thiem. This is where the railway for Long Thanh khô International Airport will be, and maybe one day the high speed train to lớn Nha Trang.

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Line 3

Line 3 is split inlớn two projects: 3A và 3B. Line 3A is an extension of Line 1. It looks confusing on the maps to have a line terminate at the main station in the middle of the system. It has been confirmed though that Line 1 và Line 3A will be one continuous line. The current numbering system is more likely to lớn be project numbers, so eventually this will be represented on the official bản đồ as Line 1. For the sake of being able to follow the construction progress I’ve kept the project numbers as they are represented on the MAUR trang web.

The city finalised plans in November 2017 to begin construction of 3A, which would see the line finished by 2026. Here is a pReviews đoạn Clip of what lớn expect from Line 3A.

The first phase of 3A will from travel Ben Thanh to Mien Tay Bus Terminal (Western Bus Terminal), so line 1/3A will be bookended by bus terminals.

Phase two will extover from Mien Tay lớn Tan Kien, which is the location of the proposed western bypass railway that will go from My Tho to Bien Hoa. I’ve sầu included the outline of the proposed railway khổng lồ show where each metro line connects lớn this proposed railway.

Line 3B starts from Cong Hoa station on Line 3A và travels lớn Hiep Binc Phuoc Station in Thu Duc District. Funding for this line was being sought in 2015. There are also plans to lớn extend this line beyond Hiep Binch Phuoc, though news reports vary on where. Some reports have the line extending to lớn Thu Dau Mot in Binch Duong province, which is 32 km from Ben Thanh. Other reports have it connecting to the extended Line 1 at Di An Town. I have sầu added this option on the bản đồ as a possible extension.

Line 4

Line 4 will be the third line that intersects at the Ben Thanh hao central station (when counting 1/3A as one continuous line). This 36 km north-south line was quoted as requiring $4.5 billion dollars in 2015, so probably another billion is needed by now.

I’ve not found a confirmed alignment for this line. Old maps show it running from Ben Thanh khô to lớn Opera House alongside Line 1, then branching off towards Turtle Lake. If this was the case then 4 tunnels would be needed on Le Loi.

Line 4B / 4B1 (airport extensions)

Bundled into Line 4 are the two proposals for an extension to the airport. Originally there was no metro planned for the airport as it was assumed that the new Long Thanh airport would be running. With Tan Son Nhat becoming overcrowded và the new airport not even started lớn be built, these two proposals have been made.

4B would run between Gia Dinh Park on Line 3 & Lang Cha Ca and Line 5, stopping at the airport in between. Proposal 4B1 would run underground from Hoang Van Thu Park lớn TSN as a spur line from Line 5.

Line 5

Line 5 forms half a ring around the city centre và will enable transferring between all the previous lines from the outer districts.

€850 million was pledged for metro line No.5 in 2013, with construction of the first phase initially to lớn begin in 2015.

The second phase of the line was seeking funds in 2016, even though the first phase had not begun. This is the western segment which continues from the Bay Hien intersection to lớn Can Giuoc Bus Station.

Line 6

Line 6 feeds the outer western districts of Saigon lớn the first two lines. Eventually Line 6 could become an outer ring line, connecting more lines along the way.

Tram Way No.1

Saigon’s original transport system was a tram network, of which the last tram ran in 1957. The streets of Saigon are too crowded for trams now, but the route along Vo Van Kiet has enough space lớn run a light rail down the middle.

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This line was proposed in 2006, with the service being ready by 2009 (tệp tin this under “news that didn’t age well”).

Monorail 2

In addition to the light rail, there are two monorails planned. This is not the first time there has been a plan for a monorail in Saigon. In the 1960’s there was a proposal for two suspended monorail lines.

That would have been similar lớn the Wuppertal Schwebebahn in Germany, which is the only suspended monorail in operation. The Schwebebahn travels along a river through the đô thị, and it must rank as the world’s most steampunk khung of public transport.

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I was a monorail sceptic until recently. Monorails are usually associated with theme parks và airport transportation. Sentosa Isl& in Singapore is a good example of an appropriate use of a monorail.

Sydney had a much-derided monorail that used to lớn loop around the thành phố centre. They have since pulled it down & are now building a light rail that will pass through the đô thị.

The other terrible monorail that comes lớn mind is the Kuala Lumpur monorail. This line goes through central KL, connecting the main train station lớn one of the biggest tourist areas (Bukit Bintang). The carriages are small & the city has far outgrown the intended capacity of this service. I always think of that Simpsons episode with the monorail when I ride it.

So I never met an urban monorail that I liked until I went lớn Tokyo. The monorail from Haneda airport is spacious và still feels like a metro train, so if Japan have sầu anything khổng lồ bởi vì with the monorail projects of Saigon, then I am all for it .

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Monorail 2 will traverse the new districts of 2 & 7. I would have sầu thought there was enough room for a proper skytrain like the current Line 1, but if it’s of Japanese quality then I’m cool with the monorail. This will travel along Nguyen Van Linc in District 7, which is already getting to the point where traffic is jamming.


The MAUR trang web also has Monorail 2 going through Thao Dien lớn Thanh Da in Binc Thanh hao. I have no idea how that would work – I’m just recording what is on their bản đồ, so Thaodienites don’t message me for details.

Monorail 3

Monorail 3 will start at Go Vap station on Line 4 và travel lớn Quang Trung Software City & terminate at Tan Chan Hiep. This would connect lớn the proposed belt railway from An Binc station lớn Tan Kien và onwards to lớn the Mekong Delta. This line is scheduled to lớn begin in 2019, taking 5 years khổng lồ complete.

Ben Tkhô giòn Central Station

The most visible sign of metro construction is in the heart of the city at Ben Thanh Market. The previously (in)famous traffic roundabout is now a giant construction site for the central station of the metro. Three lines will converge here, so it’s a complex operation.

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A render of the station was produced early on, và it hasn’t been updated since. Opposite the station is the One Central Sài Gòn project.

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Since the initial plan was released it was announced that an underground mall will be built between Ben Tkhô giòn và Opera House stations. The 500 metre-long shopping area will run under Le Loi Street. As with the monorail, I too was a skeptic of the underground mall concept until I went lớn Tokyo. I would welcome an underground mall with a labyrinth of shops & standing sushi bars if that is what is going to happen. The project has attracted interest from an investor from nhật bản, so one can only hope that a Tokyo-style mall is on the cards.

Regional Lines

The map also includes current & proposed lines operated by Vietphái nam Railways. A fully functional transit network has interconnectivity between metro and regional railways so I have put that on the maps for future context. The only railway currently operating is the Saigon-Hanoi line, và the first stop is at Bien Hoa, just outside the đô thị limits of Ho Chi Minch City. In its current form, it doesn’t offer any place to transfer to a metro line.

The maps includes a proposed western ring railway that would travel from Bien Hoa to the Mekong Delta.

For the proposed extension of Metro Line 1 lớn Bien Hoa New City, I’ve taken the liberty to connect that lớn the planned Bien Hoa – Vung Tau line.

Other proposed metro lines

The routes on this map are the officially published lines from MAUR. There have sầu been other proposals in the news which I will add to lớn an expanded maps (subscribe for updates).

The proposed new airport at Long Tkhô nóng is about 40KM east of the đô thị. One proposal had a high-tốc độ train from Thu Thiem lớn the airport, and then onwards to Nha Trang. Another report has the metro extending all the way to the new airport. I would be happy with both, like how London Heathrow has the option for the Underground line or the Heathrow Express.

In September 2017 a feasibility study was launched for a Tan Tạo – Linh Dong light rail line. There are no details for this but it would roughly be an outer northern ring line.

Another line was proposed by neighbouring Binh Duong Province to lớn build a line from Thu Dau Mot Town which would connect lớn Line 1. That would be around where Di An is on the maps và Thu Dau Mot is directly north of the đô thị.

Metro station locations

While drawing this maps I made a Google Map to keep traông chồng of the lines và station locations. The stations aren’t exact, & many of the stations are just named after the nearest main street, but this will give sầu you a general idea of where the lines run.

How feasible is this plan?

In năm ngoái the thành phố announced that it mix a target of completing this public transport system by 2030.

While the first line is expected to lớn take eight years, the subsequent lines should be built faster once the city develops knowledge of metro building. If a line takes an average of five years to lớn build, this is what the timetable would need to lớn look like lớn get 9 lines finished by 2030.

2017 Line 1 under construction2018 Line 2 start2019 Line 3 start2020 Line 4 start – Line 1 completed2021 Line 5 start2022 Line 6 start2023 Line 7 start – Line 2 completed2024 Line 8 start – Line 3 completed2025 Line 9 start – Line 4 completed2026 Line 5 completed2027 Line 6 completed2028 Line 7 completed2029 Line 8 completed2030 Line 9 completed

So a new line has lớn start every year until 2025. At its peak, there would be five lines under construction by 2022, và a new line becoming operational every year from 2023. By 2025 more lines should also have been considered, so a new metro is always being worked on. By then there is a team of skilled metro builders that don’t need to relearn how lớn make a metro.

The best-case scenario would be a timeline similar lớn this. The worst-case scenario would be for Line 1 lớn be completed and further construction grinding to lớn a halt for another decade. There were reports of the construction stopping mid-way due to funding. At this point, there is no turning back, so the money will be found. The prospect of no future work being done on the other lines is real though. City development would then become lopsided as canyons of high-rise towers follow the length of the single metro. Just have sầu a look at how Sukhumvit Road in Bangkok has developed to lớn see what the power of a metro line has.

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One of the problems the thành phố has faced has been the laông xã of autonomy over its finances. With the most recent funding shortage the city had dip into lớn its own funds while waiting for funds lớn be released.

In what could be good news for the thành phố more power has been handed to lớn Ho Chi Minh City to make investment decisions for at least five sầu years.

The first line is proceeding slowly, though when compared with other new lines in Asia it’s going ok. For example, the first metro line in Shangnhị began construction in 1986, and the first 4.4 km segment began operations seven years later in 1993. From that humble beginning, the Shangnhì Metro system is currently the world’s largest transit system by route length.

Another comparable example is Taipei. After getting approval for the first line in 1986, construction began in 1988. The first 10.5 km line was opened eight years later in 1996 after delays & budget overruns. The construction years were known as the “Dark Age of Taipei Traffic”. Taipei has seven lines and it’s now a lean mean metro-building machine that is building & extending more lines every year. This Wiki graphic shows the progress of the Taipei metro over 18 years.

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Saigon has now entered its own dark age of traffic (motopocalypse?), so there no more time to waste.

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Ho Chi Minh City Metro Concept Map

While studying the đô thị & the proposed routes, I’ve sầu also identified what roads và areas should also be included in the future metro system. I’ve sầu created the Ho Chi Minc City Metro Concept Map, which expands on the current plans. The map is subtitled “If Saigon had a subway like Shanghai“.


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